This is simply an interesting post with information I’ve found through Diabetes UK, a charity for people with diabetes. So much information exists on type 1 and yet most diabetes cases covered in the media revolves around type 2! So this is mainly a little post for myself, as well as those who are interested!
- Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease in which a person’s pancreas stops producing insulin It occurs when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, called beta cells.
- Only 5-10% of people with diabetes are type 1
- T1Ds must inject or pump insulin for life
- The peak age for diagnosis of type 1 is between the ages 9 and 14
- About 85% of T1D cases occur in people with no previous first degree family history.
- Currently, there is no cure for T1D.
- Nobody is sure on what causes T1D, though there is much research going on.
- Anything seems to be able to trigger T1D in a person – from stress to a virus.
- Type 1 diabetes has a much mortality rate higher in UK than most of Europe ( 37 deaths from type 1 diabetes out of every 100,000 people aged between 15 and 24 as opposed to 20 deaths).
- People with T1D are 34.4% more likely to die earlier than their peers
- 58.7% of people with T1D do not receive correct healthcare in the UK
- Only 16.2% of T1Ds in the UK are achieving their recommended targets
- In the 1950’s 90% of people with type 1 diabetes developed diabetic retinopathy within 25 years of diagnosis
- In the 1950s, about one in five people died within 20 years after a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes. One in three people died within 25 years of diagnosis.
- Scientists have identified nearly 50 genes or gene regions associated with type 1 diabetes.
- With tight control on blood glucose, most people can avoid or significantly reduce diabetes complications.
- Recently, people have found out that the LCHF (Low Carb High Fat) diet is very beneficial for controlling T1D.
- Blood glucose testing is becoming less painful and easier to do, resulting in more accurate results.
- Deaths among people with T1D have significantly reduced over the last few decades