Type 1 Diabetes Stats

This is simply an interesting post with information I’ve found through Diabetes UK, a charity for people with diabetes. So much information exists on type 1 and yet most diabetes cases covered in the media revolves around type 2! So this is mainly a little post for myself, as well as those who are interested!

GENERAL: 

  • Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease in which a person’s pancreas stops producing insulin It occurs when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, called beta cells.
  • Only 5-10% of people with diabetes are type 1
  • T1Ds must inject or pump insulin for life
  • The peak age for diagnosis of type 1 is between the ages 9 and 14
  • About 85% of T1D cases occur in people with no previous first degree family history.

The BAD:

  • Currently, there is no cure for T1D.
  • Nobody is sure on what causes T1D, though there is much research going on.
  • Anything seems to be able to trigger T1D in a person – from stress to a virus.
  • Type 1 diabetes has a much mortality rate higher in UK than most of Europe ( 37 deaths from type 1 diabetes out of every 100,000 people aged between 15 and 24 as opposed to 20 deaths).
  • People with T1D are 34.4% more likely to die earlier than their peers
  • 58.7% of people with T1D do not receive correct healthcare in the UK
  • Only 16.2% of T1Ds in the UK are achieving their recommended targets
  • In the 1950’s 90% of people with type 1 diabetes developed diabetic retinopathy within 25 years of diagnosis
  • In the 1950s, about one in five people died within 20 years after a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes. One in three people died within 25 years of diagnosis.

The GOOD: 

  • Scientists have identified nearly 50 genes or gene regions associated with type 1 diabetes.
  • With tight control on blood glucose, most people can avoid or significantly reduce diabetes complications.
  • Recently, people have found out that the LCHF (Low Carb High Fat) diet is very beneficial for controlling T1D.
  • Blood glucose testing is becoming less painful and easier to do, resulting in more accurate results.
  • Deaths among people with T1D have significantly reduced over the last few decades

 

References and Further Reading:

https://www.diabetes.org.uk/Documents/Position%20statements/DiabetesUK_Facts_Stats_Oct16.pdf

http://www.jdrf.org/about/fact-sheets/type-1-diabetes-facts/

http://www.diabetes.co.uk/news/2015/apr/type-1-diabetes-mortality-rate-higher-in-uk-than-most-of-europe-95680226.html

https://report.nih.gov/NIHfactsheets/ViewFactSheet.aspx?csid=120

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